Good oral hygiene is important
With good oral hygiene, you keep your teeth and gums healthy.Brushing your teeth is the foundation.
Scaling of calculus
To keep your mouth healthy, you need to periodically remove plaque. Dental plaque is the deposits of white-yellow bacteria that accumulate between the teeth and the gums.
After converting sugars and starch from food, the bacteria create acids and toxins that harden and become plaque. Over time, the amount of bacteria will be considerable, the deposits of bacteria will grow and become harder and larger. The bacteria will accumulate and mineralize, giving birth to tartar.
Tartar layers can also cause gingivitis, an inflammation that is only a reaction of your immune system to the presence of bacteria in the mouth. In the absence of treatment, the inflammation can worsen and evolve into periodontitis, and causes the loss of bone and teeth.
Plaque is most often of pale yellow color, so it is poorly visible in the mouth. To remove the plate, you can use the tablets with the red dye that can help to detect it. Chew a tablet after brushing and spread the dye on the teeth with your tongue. Rinse excess dye with a sip of water. The red spots on the teeth indicate the presence of the plaque. The dye disappears naturally some time later.
Toothbrush, how to choose?
The market offers us a great range of toothbrushes. Sometimes it’s difficult to know what you need.
Choose a soft toothbrush with a small head that will allow you to reach difficult areas. Remember that the change of the toothbrush is necessary every three months or earlier, if the hair is deformed. The extensive research shows that new toothbrushes eliminate up to 30% more plaque than three-month toothbrushes.
If you want, you can stop your choice on electric toothbrushes that will help you remove plaque more easily. With this type of toothbrush, all you have to do is concentrate on the placement and positioning of the brush in your mouth, the rest will be done alone.
Use a fluoride toothpaste
Apply a fluoride toothpaste on a dry brush, this will allow you to create less foam and will keep you more insight into the brush.
How to brush your teeth?
There are different brushing methods. During brushing pay special attention to the transition from the gum to the crown of the tooth. Place your brush diagonally so that the bristles face the root of the teeth and tilt the brush 45 degrees to the gumline. Then perform the rotary movements of the gum to the tooth.
Holding your toothbrush in your hand between your thumb and fingertips, you put enough pressure on your teeth, without damaging your tooth enamel, but do not put too much force on your tooth surfaces.
Keep a regular brushing order. For example, from the bottom to the top. Start brushing the teeth in the lower jaw, first inside, then clean the teeth from the outside and finally the top of the teeth. Continue cleaning the upper jaw in the same order. Brush your teeth at least twice a day for about two minutes, preferably after breakfast and before going to bed.
- When brushing the teeth of the lower jaw, hold the lower lip with your thumb and forefinger.
- For cleaning the posterior teeth, place the brush inside the lower jaw, or, if necessary, under the tongue.
- Start brushing your teeth in the back of your mouth, otherwise you can forget to clean them properly. Then continue cleaning the rest of the arcade from the inside out.
- It does not matter which jaw you brush first: the upper or lower jaw. It is always important to keep the same order of brushing.
- Thoroughly clean the gap between the teeth with dental floss or interdental brushes, even if you use a regular toothbrush or electric brush. Your dental hygiene specialist will help you choose the right tools during the consultation.
Please note that excessive or inappropriate use of dental hygiene tools can cause gum and tooth trauma.