Prevent gum disease with good oral hygiene
The most common problem among major patients is gum disease, which is slow and painless. Fortunately, often, gum disease is prevented through good oral hygiene. The enclosed information will help you recognize inflamed gums, prevent inflammation (gingivitis or periodontitis), as well as promote gum healing.
Healthy gums are the pink-colored mucous membranes that surround the tooth and cover its root. The gums in good condition hold the tooth firmly, and do not bleed on contact (chewing, brushing). Gum health is the foundation of healthy teeth for many years.
Gingivitis is a very common disease among patients. This disease is characterized by red gums, inflamed (everywhere or locally), swollen and bleeding on contact or spontaneously. This inflammation of the gums comes from poor oral hygiene, including poorly removed dental plaque. After the 36-48 hour period, the dental plaque begins to harden and form the tartar beneath which bacteria build up that attack the periodontal tissues of the mouth (ie the gums). In the absence of treatment, inflammation may worsen and develop into periodontitis and loss of bone level and teeth. To avoid this, do not hesitate to contact your local dentist or an oral hygiene specialist for annual control and descaling. The visits will help you to determine gingivitis and receive timely help.
Causes of gum disease
Among the main causes of gum disease is plaque. Deposits of pale yellow bacteria are poorly visible in the mouth. Without being cleaned in time the plaque hardens and calcifies tart – sticky material that easily accumulates the new plaque and bacteria that attack the mucous tissues of the mouth. To remove the plate you can use the tablets with the red dye that is used to detect it. Chew a tablet after brushing and spread the dye on the teeth with your tongue. Rinse excess dye with a sip of water. The red spots on the teeth indicate the presence of the plaque, the dye disappears naturally some time later.
Periodontitis is a bacterial disease that affects the periodontal tissues of the mouth. Periodontitis usually begins with inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) that gradually extends to the bone tissue of the mouth. Bacteria under dental calculus form the infected “pockets” between the gum and the tooth that prevent the gum from sticking to the tooth and protecting it. In the absence of treatment, periodontitis leads to destruction of the bone, loosening of the gums and loss of teeth.
In most cases, periodontitis remains unnoticed until the teeth become mobile because of bone loss, or because the roots become exposed due to loss of the gingiva. Because of loosening, the roots lose their natural protection and become sensitive, especially during the brushing of teeth, consumption of hot, cold and sweet products. In aggravated cases, the patient loses his teeth.
How to define the condition of inflammation?
To determine the condition of gum inflammation, we advise you to contact your local dentist or a hygienist directly. The specialist checks the inflammation severity of the gum next to each tooth by a dental exploratory probe. Healthy gums have pockets up to 3 mm deep that do not bleed on contact. Inflamed gums have pockets up to 5 mm deep. In cases of aggravated infections, the periodontal pocket gets the depth of 6 mm or more, in this case, it is called the destruction of bone mass.
How to keep gums healthy?
Gum disease is almost always prevented if treated from the beginning. The patient can avoid inflammation of the gums if he cleans the plaque every day while brushing.
Brushing instructions, to avoid plaque
Good oral hygiene will help you remove the plaque daily. Brush your teeth at least twice a day for about two minutes, preferably after breakfast and before going to bed. During brushing try using fluoride toothpaste. To clean the spaces between the teeth use toothpicks, interdental brushes or dental floss. To remove the remaining plaque you can use the tablets (available in pharmacy) with the red dye that is used to detect it.
Treatment of inflamed gums
If you doubt, contact your dentist or hygienist for advice and personal instructions regarding oral hygiene and inflamed gum care. The patient can maintain good oral hygiene at home, to remove the plaque daily with a toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, toothpicks and interdental brushes. Nevertheless, dental calculus is impossible to remove without the professional help of the dentist during the descaling session. After the disappearance of the infection, the gums can adhere to the teeth again, but the lost bone will not recover without surgery.
Remove the plaque with a mouthwash
Some rinses make it easier to remove plaque, but they can’t replace daily brushing. So, dentists ask the patient not to forget to use toothbrushes, interdental brushes and dental floss and in addition, add mouth rinsing. Contemporary mouthwash formulas will help reduce bleeding gums, lower gum inflammation and freshen breath.
Currently, smoking is considered a major risk factor in gum disease. According to statistics, smokers suffer from periodontitis or gingivitis seven times more often than nonsmokers. The gums of smokers seem paler at the cause of difficult blood circulation and they are more prone to inflammations. Excessive consumption of nicotine damages cells in periodontal tissues, decreases the body’s natural defense (immunity) and promotes the progression of bacteria under plaque or tartar.
Pregnancy and gum disease
During the pregnancy period, some women may experience gum disease. If you are pregnant, you should pay special attention to the health of the gums. Because of the hormonal change, especially the estrogen hormone, the patient may have a violent reaction on the presence of bacteria and plaque. To avoid gum disease, brush your teeth carefully every day. If in doubt, do not hesitate to consult your dentist or hygiene specialist.
Stress and gum disease
Psychological stress reduces our immune system and our resistance against bacteria and diseases, including gum disease. To avoid stress, try several relaxation methods such as sports or aromatherapy, and do not forget to brush your teeth at least twice a day.
Diabetes and gum disease
Patients who have diabetes are more susceptible to inflammation and infections than other patients. If the blood sugar level is not controlled, the patient may have higher bacteria level and inflamed gums. Good oral habits can have a good effect on diabetes. Gum disease may affect the patient’s blood glucose level. To prevent the growth of bacteria, brush your teeth at least twice a day, follow the brushing instructions and visit your dentist for control at least twice a year. These tips can help you protect the health of your teeth and manage blood sugar levels.